Clean debris such as dead leaves etc. from beds. If
you have had a problem with fungal diseases such as black spot be sure to dispose of
all contaminated plant material. DO NOT COMPOST CONTAMINATED PLANT MATERIAL.
Trim rose canes to approximately 12 to 18 inches. Long canes catch the wind,
ice and snow in winter. This may cause the canes to break below ground level and
damage root area.
Mulch your roses and tender perennials to prevent heaving
during freezing and thawing. Also it is a good idea to mulch around all trees,
shrubs as well as perennials that were planted this year to prevent heaving and retain
You may also plant trees, shrubs and perennials in the
fall. They suffer less from heat and drought stress but be sure to water and mulch
well. The fall is also a good time to plant fruit trees.
Be sure to secure all newly planted trees with twine, wire
or rope to prevent whipping in the winter wind. Be sure to cushion trunk to prevent
girdling from what ever means you are tying the trunk. A piece of garden hose over
the wire or rope is a good choice.
Examine trees (even large shade trees) shrubs for any limbs
that maybe broken or damaged. Remove these limbs now before ice and snow does it for
you. Many times the damage to the specimen is more extensive when mother nature does
If you have newly planted fruit trees you may wish to
protect them with some sort of wire fencing to prevent deer damage. Deer like to
feed on young trees and can delay your fruit harvest at least 1 year.
You may also wish to spray your fruit trees with a dormant
oil spray to protect them through the winter.
Check the stores for spring bulbs. You may also order
them through the mail but make sure you know when they will be shipped. You may not
wish to be planting bulbs on Thanksgiving. I know it is very easy to say that the
gardening season is over and not plant any bulbs but you will be greatly rewarded come
spring if you make just a little effort now.
Also when you are purchasing bulbs to plant outside remember
to buy extras for forcing indoors. Remember you can also plant lilies as well as
spring flowering species.